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Memory Trick Learning Of English Vocab Of SSC Exams (3)


RETARD                   SCURRILOUS                PROLIFIC     TRAUMA                        CONFINE
PASSION                  TRAMP                            PILGRIM    

                         VITIATE          RETALIATE
                                                                                                      


          RETARD (N/V)  [ri-tahrd]
Meaning-
  • to make the development or progress of something slower
  • slow the growth or development of
  • an offensive way of describing somebody who is not intelligent or who has not developed normally (N)
  • a person who has less intelligence
Adjective- retarded
Mind Tricks-
Retard form Latin word retardare, from re- 'back' and  tardus- 'slow'
If you get Retired means you get Retarded.
Usages- 
  1. Development of road is being retarded by some local leaders.

          SCURRILOUS (Adj.)  [skur-uh-luhs]
Meaning-
  • very rude and insulting, and intended to damage somebody's reputation
Adverb- scurrilously
Noun- scurrility, scurrilousness
Mind Tricks- 
Scurrilous comes from Latin word scurra means a person who behave badly.
Language that SCARE US is SCURRILOUS language.
Usages-   
  1. She used scurrilous words for me.
  2. We should not behave scurrilously.

          PROLIFIC (Adj.)  [pruh-lif-ik]
Meaning-
  • producing many works, etc (of an artist, a writer)
  • producing a lot of fruit, flowers, young, etc(of plants, animals, etc)
  • able to produce enough food, etc. to keep many animals and plants above existing in large numbers
Noun- prolificness
Adverb- prolifically
Mind Tricks-
Pro(advance) life is prolific (increasing the numbers of animals and plants).
Profitable is prolific.
Usages- 
  1. Picasso was extremely prolific man.
  2. He is a prolific striker.

          TRAUMA (N)  [trou-muh]
Meaning-
  • an injury
  • a mental condition caused by severe shock, especially when the harmful effects last for long time
  • any physical damage to the body caused by violence, accident or fracture
Verb- traumatise, traumatize
Adjective- traumatic
Mind Tricks-
Todo ma  apne trauma ko aur life ko enjoy karo. (hindi)
Usages-
  1. It can take a long time to get over such trauma.
  2. The children showed no signs of trauma.

          CONFINE (V)  [kuhn-fahyn]
Meaning-
  • restrict, place limits
  • to keep somebody or something inside the limits of a particular activity, subject , area, etc
  • to keep a person or an animal in a small or closed space
Noun- confinement
Adjective- confined
Mind Tricks- 
Confine comes from Latin word Confinia, as con means 'together' + finis(fine) means 'end, limit'.
On fine, he gets out of confine.
Usages-
  1. She was confined to bed with the flu.
  2. He was confined to a wheelchair after the accident.

          PASSION (N)  [pash-uhn]
Meaning-
  • a strong feeling or emotion
  • something that is desired intensely
  • any object of warm affection or devotion
Verb- impassion
Adjective- passional
Mind Tricks-
Fashion is passion.
Passion plus motorcycle is my passion.
Usages-
  1. As time went by the passion cooled.
  2. He has passion for reading.

          TRAMP (N/V)  [tramp]
Meaning-
  • a person with no home or job who travels from place to place, usually asking people in the street for food or money
  • the sound of somebody's heavy steps
  • a long walk, travel on foot
  • a woman who has many sexual partners (old fashioned)
  • to walk with heavy or noisy steps, especially for a long time (V)
Adjective- trampy, trampish
Mind Tricks-
Travelling on RAMP(road) is TRAMP.
Usages-
  1. She has been tramping the streets looking for a job.
  2. His mother was a tramp.

          PILGRIM (N)  [pil-grim]
Meaning-
  • someone who travels outside of his/her home country
  • a person who travels to a holy place for religious reasons
  • a member of the group of English people moved to America
Mind Tricks-
Pilgrim comes from Latin word peregrinus means foreign, from peregre means abroad.
A pile(large collection of somethings) of letters ,received from people, look grim  for pilgrim.
Pilgrim for Pegambar.
Usages-
  1. Muslim pilgrims on their way to Mecca.
  2. TV reported bemused tourist and pilgrims in St. Peter's Square.

          VITIATE (V) [vish-ee-eyt]
Meaning-
  • make imperfect
  • to spoil or reduce the effect of something
Noun- vitiation
Adjective- vitiated
Mind Tricks-
Vitiate taken from Latin word vitiat (V-vitiare) means "impaired". 
Vitiate sounds like Vicious(anger and hatred), Vitiate is anto(opposite) of mitigate.
 Vitiate sounds like 'fish we ate'; Fish we ate in party, vitiated my stomach.
 Vish (hindi) ate means spoiling your health.
Usages-
  1. Terrorist may vitiate the peace process.
  2. Bad relationship vitiates our social status.

          RETALIATE (V)  [ri-tal-ee-eyt]
Meaning-
  • to take revenge
  • to do something harmful to somebody because they have harmed you first
Noun- retaliation
Adjective- retaliatory, retaliative
Mind Tricks-
Retaliate comes from Latin word 'retaliare' , re means "back, again" and taliare means "such" allover meaning "a powerful return".
Retali(a girl's name) ate her brother's tiffin as she took revenge from her brother.
Usages-
They boy hit his sister, who retaliated by kicking him.
The Army retaliate from terrorist.

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