Kinsman vs. Relative

Do kinsman and relative mean the same thing ?

No, they don't mean the thing. One means relation by blood and second means relation by law and blood.

    What is the meaning of kinsman ?

    Kinsman means members of your family- who has blood relation to you. As kinsman is used for both male and female;  kinswoman, however, can be used for woman. The word kinsman comes from the word kin.

    1. Adopted by a family; now he is searching for his kinsmen.
    2. My kinsmen are a wild and barbaric folk.

    What is the meaning of relative ?

    A relative is a person who is part of your family. Sister, brother, uncle, wife, husband, father-in-law, mother-in-law, or the like- they are relatives.

    What is the difference between kinsman and relative ?

    There is a difference between them. A kinsman is a family member related to another by blood not by law. Brothers, sisters, and cousins are kinsman. In-laws, however, are not kinsman. Mother-in-law, father-in-law, sister-in-law, wife, husband are not kinsman. They are relatives.

    A relative is a family member related to another by blood and by law as well. A kinsman may be a relative, but all relatives can't be a kinsman. Your father-in-law is your relative but not kinsman.

    In a nutshell

    A kinsman is a person who is part of your family by blood relation. 

    We can use kinsman for man and kinswoman for woman.

    A relative is a person based on relation by blood and by law.

    A kinsman can be a relative, but some relatives can be kinsman, and some can't.

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