Words For SSC Exams -8

ABERRATION        DWINDLE         DORMANT 
REVERE      ERUDITE       GRATING        CAPRICIOUS
  LASSITUDE         ALLURE           CONDONE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
ABERRATION
Meaning:-
  • a fact, an action or a way of behaving that is not usual, and that may be unacceptable
  • a disorder in one's mental state       
Mind Tricks:-
As Ab means away and rational means reasonable, so something away from rational or acceptable is aberration.
Usages:-
  1. Abortion is an aberration act.
  2. Snow rain is an aberration in summer season.

                                                                                                                                                         
DWINDLE  (V)
Meaning:-
  • to become gradually less or smaller
  • decrease in size, extent, or range
Mind Tricks:-
Dwindle from D + wind + le(Decrease by Wind to less). When something gradually Decrease by Wind, it dwindles or become gradually less or smaller.
Usages:-
  1. Moon dwindled as time passed.
  2. Her savings dwindle down.

                                                                                                                                                          
DORMANT (Adj.)
Meaning:-
  • not active or growing now but able to become active or to grow in the future
  • in a condition of biological rest or suspended animation

Mind Tricks:-
Dormant looks like Door Man. Generally, a Door Man is very dormant or less active.
Usages:-
  1. The volcano is in dormant state.
  2. Having done lots of work, he gets in dormant position.

                                                                                                                                                          
REVERE (V)
Meaning:-
  • love unquestioningly and uncritically 
  • to feel great respect or admiration for somebody
  • idolize
                                                                                     
Mind Tricks:-
Revere sounds like River. Indian people Revere (love unquestioningly, to feel great respect) River Ganga.
Severe means to punish or to harsh and Revere means to love or to respect. Revere is Anto. of Severe.

Usages:-
  1. Cows are revered in India.
  2. He is revered as a national hero.

                                                                                                                                                         
ERUDITE (Adj.)
Meaning:-
  • having or showing great knowledge that is gained from academic study
     
Mind Tricks:-
Erudite comes from E and Rude. As rude means uneducated or impolite, when Rude people get educated, they become Erudite.
Usages:-
  1. We have an Erudite professor.
  2. There are so many erudite people in the USA.

                                                                                                                                                         
GRATING (N, Adj.)
Meaning:-
  • (of a sound or somebody's voice) unpleasant to listen to (Adj.)
  • a flat frame with metal bars across it, used to cover a window, a hole in the ground, etc. (N)
  • to cut food into very small pieces by rubbing it agiant a special tool

Mind Tricks:-
Grill acts like Grating.
Usages:-
  1. Train sounds are very grating.
  2. We should fix some grating in our house.

                                                                                                                                                         
CAPRICIOUS (Ad.)
Meaning:-
  • unpredictable, changeable
  • showing sudden changes in attitude or behaviour
                                                                                       
Mind Tricks:-
Capricious sounds like car price. Car Price is very capricious or unpredictable.
Usages:-
  1. Earthquakes are of very capricious.
  2. Her behaviour is capricious.

                                                                                                                                                       
LASSITUDE (N)
Meaning:-
  • a state of feeling very tired in mind or body
  • lack of energy
  • a feeling of lack of interest or energy

Mind Tricks:-
Lassitude looks like Lost-Attitude , as Attitude means a position of the body. When you lost attitude, a position of your body, means you have lack of energy; finally, you feel Lassitude.
Usages:-
  1. I feel lassitude.
  2. Symptoms of the disease include paleness and lassitude.

                                                                                                                                                       
ALLURE (N,V)
Meaning:-
  • the quality of being attractive and exciting
  • incline or entice to
                                                                                 
Mind Tricks:-
Allure looks like ALL Uyou Rare Eexciting. If you say to someone "All you are exciting" that means they have the quality of being attractive and exciting.
As the word Lure means the attractive qualities of something; same way, Allure means the quality of being attractive and exciting.
.
Usages:-
  1. Girls have a natural allure quality.
  2. Tigers are the most allure animals in the jungle.

                                                                                                                                                          
CONDONE (V)
Meaning:-
  • to accept behaviour that is morally wrong or to treat it as if it were not serious
  • excuse, overlook, or make allowances for
Mind Tricks:-
Condone is Antonym of Condemn.
Condemn means to express very strong disapproval of somebody or something, and Condone means to express acceptance of somebody or something.
Condone sounds like Can Done.Illegal work can be done, i will excuse or Condone you.
Usages:-
  1. Judges condone the murder.
  2. Mother condone her son.

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Words For SSC Exams - 7



Inadvertently           Rampart      Hallucination            Salacious  Derive         Retrench           Aggravate               Indelible              Citadel           Stern
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                                
INADVERTENTLY (Adv.)
Meaning:-
  • without knowledge, by accident, unintentionally
  • without intending to 

Mind Tricks:-
We advertise something to let people know that thing; we try to make aware of that things. On the contrary, Inadvertently means without knowledge as in means not and advertent means turning the mind to.
Usages:-
  1. I inadvertently entered into her room.
  2. I inadvertently dialed the wrong number.


                                                                                                                                                                 
RAMPART (N)
Meaning:-
  • a high wide wall of stone or earth with a path on top, built around a castle, town, etc. to defend it.

Mind Tricks:-
Rampart comes from two words - Ram, a Hindu God, and Part, a section or structure. On the whole, Rampart means a sacred and protective place that is guarded by God Ram.
Usages:-
  1.  We should build rampart along the city.
  2. The city's ramparts crumbled long ago.


                                                                                                                                                                 
HALLUCINATION (N)
Meaning:-
  • something that is seen or heard when it is not really there
  • the fact of seeming to see or hear somebody or something that is not really there, 
  • especially because of illness or drugs

Mind Tricks:-
Hallucination comes from Illusion that means false idea or belief.
Usages:-
  1. Ghost is nothing but a hallucination.
  2. He has been having hallucination due to the medication.


                                                                                                                                                                 
SALACIOUS (Adj.)
Meaning:-
  • encouraging sexual desire or containing too much sexual detail

Mind Tricks:-
Salacious sounds like Shall i sex that means encouraging sexual desire.
Usages:-
  1. He is reading a salacious story
  2. There is a salacious picture at the table.

                                                                                                                                                                 
DERIVE (V)
Meaning:-
  • to come or develop from something
  • to get something from something

Mind Tricks:-
Rive is Latin for River or Stream and De means down or away. As De means down and Rive means stream, we can say- river comes down and develop from stream. In this way Derive comes to mean - to come or develop from something.
Usages:-
  1. Many English words are derived from French.
  2. Water is derived from the Earth.

                                                                                                                                                                 
RETRENCH (V)

Meaning:-
  • to spend less money
  • to reduce costs
  • to tell somebody that they cannot continue working for 

Mind Tricks:-
Retrench sounds like Return to Inch (Inch means small amount). 
We retrench the cost means return the cost to inch or small amount.

Usages:-
  1. We should retrench our cost.
  2. The company is going to retrench many employees.


                                                                                                                                                                 
AGGRAVATE (V)
Meaning:-
  • to make an illness or a bad or unpleasant  situation worse
  • to annoy somebody, especially deliberately

Mind Tricks:-
Gravate from Gravity that means to make heavy, and prefix Ag from Ad means towards. Briefly, Aggravate means towards heavy or to make something heavy or worse
Usages:-
  1. Doing lots of physical work, he aggravates his own health.
  2. The symptoms were aggravated by drinking alcohol.


                                                                                                                                                                 
INDELIBLE (Adjective)
Meaning:-
  • impossible to forget or remove
  • permanent
Mind Tricks:-
In means not and delible means delete, not able to delete or permanent means Indelible.
Usages:-

  1. Her unhappy childhood left an indelible mark.


                                                                                                                                                                 
CITADEL (N)
Meaning:-
  • a castle on high ground in or near a city where people could go when the city was being attacked

Mind Tricks:-
Citadel looks like City a delhi. City- a delhi is a citadel for India. When our city will being attacked we can move to delhi.
Usages:-

  1. There are so many citadel in our country.
  2. We visited a medieval citadel in Italy.


                                                                                                                                                                 
STERN (Adj., N)
Meaning:-
  • serious, strict , severe, harsh, 
  • difficult, unforgiving
Mind Tricks:-
Word Stern comes from Steering that means to control the vehicle. You must be very serious, strict or Stern using Steering; and that way word Stern  originates from Steering.
Usages:-
  1. His voice was very stern.
  2. He made a stern expression before his son.


Allusion vs Illusion

Allusion vs Illusion
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
pinterest.com
   
               
Illusion (N)
Meaning:-
  • something that seems to exist but in fact does not
  • false idea or belief, especially about somebody or about a situation
                                                                                                                                                             
Allusion (N)
Meaning:-
  • a statement that refers to something without mentioning it directly
  • an indirect reference to someone or something
  • something that is said or written that refers to or mentions another person or subject indirect way
Usages:-
  1. His statement was seen as an allusion to the recent drug-related killings.                                                                                                                                   

Mind Tricks:-
Both the words, Allusion and Illusion, try to hide the facts.
Illusion is not a tough word to learn as most of us know the meaning of illusion. Even so, most of the time, we get confused choosing the right words between illusion and allusion.  
Generally, Allusion is created by Authors in their books or articles. Here, the words Author and Allusion start with alphabet "A", so, we can easily memorize that authors creates allusion. Allusions are generally used in writing that refers any subject or person in indirect way.
                                                                                                                                                             
Biblical Allusions
  • “It is raining so hard, I hope it doesn't rain for 40 days and 40 nights.” This makes a reference to the biblical story of Noah and the ark he built. He was told by God that it would rain for 40 days and 40 nights and flood the land.
  • “You are a Solomon when it comes to making decisions.” This refers to King Solomon, who was very wise.                                                                                                                                                                                          yourdictionary.com



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Desperate vs Disparate




I am Desperate because I am Disparate
                    
                                            

                                                                                                                                                               
Desperate (Adj.)
Meaning:-
  • having little hope of success
  • feeling or showing that you have little hope and are ready to do anything without worrying  about danger 
  • something in extremely serious 
Usages:-
  1. I heard a desperate sound.
  2. He felt desperate when he had failed in exams.
                                                                                                                                                               
Disparate (Adj.)
Meaning:-
  • things that are very different from each other
  • made up of parts or people that are very different from each other
  • fundamentally different or distinct in quality 
Usages:-
  1. The aim was to bring disparate information sources into one database.
  2. Bring the disparate things into the house.

                                                                                                                                                               
Mind Tricks:-
Disparate comes from Latin prefix Dis - "apart" and par means "equal, same", meaning apart from same, equal. 
More words on "dis" prefix-
  1. disappeared
  2. dispute
  3. disorder
  4. dis-able
For spelling, We are going to use the word separate for Disparate - Dis +separate.

Desperate comes from Latin as de- "down or down from" + sperare- "to hope" meaning down from hope.  
More words on prefix De are - 
  1. deprived
  2. despair
  3. dejected
  4. description
  5. describes
                                                                                                                                                               
Spelling Confusion:-
-> Desperate
-> Disparate - Use the word separate for memorizing right spelling of Disparate.

Learn English Words with Latin Root


Ver, Verus, Veri are from Latin meaning TRUE , GENUINE, ACTUAL.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
AVER (V)
Meaning:-
  • to state firmly and strongly that something is true
Word Root-
Word Aver from Latin 'ad' means toimplying + verus or ver means true


                                                                                                    
VERY (Adj.)
Meaning:-
  • actual, same
Word Root-
Very based on Latin ver meaning true.



                                                                                                    
VERDICT (N)
Meaning:-
  • judgment on fact
Word Root-
Verdict based on Latin ver means true + dict means saying. 

                                                                                                    
VERIFY (V)
Meaning:-
  • to check that something is true or accurate
- VERIFICATION(N)
- VERIFIABLE(Adj.)

Word Root-
Verify based on Latin ver meaning true.



                                                                                                    
VERISIMILITUDE (N)
Meaning:-
  • the quality of seeming to be true or real
  • authenticity, appearing to be true or real
- VERISIMILAR (Adj.)

Word Root-
Verisimilitude based on Latin ver meaning true + similar.

                                                                                                    
VERITY (N)
Meaning:-
  • a belief or principle about life that is accepted as true
  • conformity to actuality
Word Root-
Verity based on Latin ver meaning true.



                                                                                                    
 VERACITY (N)
Meaning:-
  • the quality of being true
  • the habit of telling the truth
  • unwillingness to tell lies
Word Root-
Veracity based on Latin ver meaning true.

                                                                                                    
VERACIOUS (Adj.)
Meaning:-
  • habitually speaking the truth
  • accurate
Word Root-
Veracious based on Latin ver meaning true.
Usages:-
  1. He is a veracious woman.


                                                                                                    
VERILY (Adv.)
Meaning:-
  • true, really
Word Root-

Verily based on Latin ver meaning true.



                                                                                                   
VERIDICAL (Adj.)
Meaning:-

  • real, coinciding with reality
Word Root-
Veridical based on Latin ver meaning true.



                                                                                                   
VERISM (N)
Meaning:-
  • very genuine or extreme naturalism in art or literature
  • the theory that rigid representation of truth and reality is essential to art and literature, and therefore the ugly and vulgar must be included
Word Root-
  Verism based on Latin Ver meaning true.



                                                                                                  
VERITABLE (Adj.)
Meaning:-
  • actual, not counterfeit, not copied
Word Root-
Veritable based on Latin Ver meaning true.

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Five Words With "MODI" Mind Tricks

MODISH                                  MODESTY                           MODIFICATION                  
                         MODIFY                               MODICUM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
MODISH (Adj.)
Meaning:-
  • fashionable and stylish
Mind Tricks:-
Step1.Word Modish looks like Modi + Suit.
Step 2. Modi's Suit is very fashionable and stylish. = Modi's suit is very modish.

Usages:-
  1. Our PM is very modish.
  2. If you want to join Bollywood, you must be a modish boy.                                                                                     

MODIFY (V)
Meaning:-
  • to change something slightly, especially in order to make it more suitable for a particular purpose
  • to change or transform                                                                                                 
Mind Tricks:-
Step1. Word Modify sounds like Modi Fire.
Step2. Modi fired the Governors of five states to change or transform States' Government. =  Modi fired the Governors of five states  to modify States' Government. 

Usages:-
  1. We should modify our science project.
  2. Our government modify the service for local conditions.
Noun- MODIFICATION 
  • the act or process of changing something in order to improve it or make it more acceptable
  • the act of making something different                                                            

MODICUM
Meaning:-
  • a moderate or small amount
  • a fairly small amount, especially of something good or pleasant                                                                                                      
Mind tricks:-
Step 1. Word Modicum sounds Modi's Kaam (kaam = work).
Modi's kaam will make high price to a moderate or small price.
Step 1. Word Modicum looks like Modi came.
Step2. As a PM, Modi came and a small amount of price got decreased. =   Modi came and modicum of price got decreased.

Usages:-
  1. You would get modicum of yours father property.
  2. Modicum of luck will be given to you.


                                                                                                      
MODESTY (N)
Meaning:-
  • the fact of not talking much about your abilities of possessions
  • the state of being not very large, expensive, important, etc                  
Mind Trick:-
Step 1. Word Modesty sounds like Modi is Still.
Step 2. Modi is now Prime Minister of India, and he is still not talking much about his abilities. Modi is still modesty.

Usages:-
  1. Our modesty bring our career up.
  2. Modesty is the key of success.
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Lie or Lay ? Learn With Mind Tricks


Lie vs Lay

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
LIE (V)
Meaning:-
  • to be or put yourself in a flat or horizontal position 
  • (of a thing) to be or remain in a flat position on a surface
Usages:-
  1. She likes to lie in bed all day.
  2. The book lay(V2) open on his desk.
Another Meaning of Lie
->untrue, not genuine
->to say something that you know is no true

                                                                                               
LAY (V)
Meaning:-
  • to put somebody/something in a particular position
  • to put something down, especially on the floor
  • to put down or spread
Usages:-
  1. The grapes were laid to dry on racks.
  2. He lays his gun on the table.
                            
Mind Tricks:-
Many times we forget and confuse the sense of using Lay and Lie. Not to jumble the sense of these two words, we will use the mind tricks.

Step 1- Lie is an intransitive verb(used without a direct object). As i resembles in both of the words, we can conclude that lie is an intransitive verb.

Step 2- With the help of word Die, we can learn the sense of word LieWhen we die, we lie.  As word Lie means to be or put yourself in a flat or horizontal position.

Mind Tricks For Lay:-
  • With the help of word Place we can learn the usage of word Lay. Lay means to Place something. To lay something means to place something by you. 
  • LAY = PLACE something by You
  • Lay is a transitive verb, and the verb is followed immediately by an object.
Be Careful -

Past simple of Lie is Lay.

 Past simple (V2)  Past particile (V3) -ing form
 Lie
lay
lain
lying
 Lay
laid
laid
laying


Affect vs Effect


Affect vs Effect
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
"The action is affect; 
                 the end result is an effect."                                                                                                        
Affect (V)
Meaning:-
  • to produce a change in somebody or something
eg:-Her death affected him deeply.
  • to make somebody become ill or sick
eg:-Mosquito affects your body.
  • to make somebody have strong feeling of sadness
eg:-They were deeply affected by the news of her death.
  • to pretend to be feeling or thinking something
eg:- She affected a calmness she did not feel.




Effect (N)
Meaning:-
  • a change that somebody/something causes in somebody/something else
  • the result or impact of something 
  • an outcome
Usages:-
  1. The drug affects an effect.
  2. The new regulations come into effect next month.


Trick for selecting right word- 
Affect or Effect ?
With the help of the word Avenge,we can easily recognise whether it is noun or verb. For this we must have to  remember the word AvengeNow use it- A for Affect, V for Verb means affect is a verb; E for Effect, N for Noun means Effect is a noun and ge is an extra. (AVENge)
With the word AVENge, we can recall Affect is a Verb and Effect is a Noun.



Note:-
According to the Oxford- Effect is also a verb but quite rare and formal in use. As a verb, effect means to achieve or produce.