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Eligible or Illegible ?

Eligible vs Illegible
                                                                                                                                         
What is the difference between Eligible and Illegible ?                                                                                                                     
                                                                             
 
Eligible (Adj)
Meaning:-
  • a person who is eligible for something or to do something, is able to have or do it because they the right qualifications, are the right age, etc
  • qualified for, allowed or worthy of being chosen
  • fit, suitable, right qualifications
Usages:-
  1. I am eligible for the post.
  2. You are above 18 that means eligible to vote in your country.

Illegible (Adj.)
Meaning:-
  • difficult or impossible to read
Usages:-
  1. An illegible signature.
  2. An illegible handwriting.                                                                                                                            
How to learn -

Words Eligible and Illegible come from same suffix- Legible from Latin "legere" means to read or to pick.
Now come to word Eligible, eligible comes from e-(short form of "ex") means out + Latin suffix "legere" means to pick. So to pick something out is what we call Eligible.
Same way Illegible comes from Prefix Il means "not" such as Illegal (not legal) + same Latin word legere as in word eligible means to read or to pick.  Il means "not" + Legible means "to read". So something Illigible is not able to read. 
-> Always keep in mind Ex and Il in Eligible and Illegible respectively.


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One Word Substitutions -3

More like a woman than a man in manners and habits| Handwriting which is difficult or impossible to read |To play the part of , and function as , some other person| Not easily pleased by anything| To die without having made a will| Murder of a brother or sister| and more.....
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
More like a woman than a man in manners and habits

Ans:- Effeminate
Mind Trick:-
Word Effeminate origins from Ex means expressing a change of state and Femina means Woman.


  
Handwriting which is difficult or impossible to read

Ans:- Illegible (Anto.- Legible)
Mind Trick:-
Il for not and Legible means clear writing.


 
To play the part of, and function as, some other person 

Ans:- Impersonate
Mind Trick:-
Word impersonate from two words im(in) + persona, In means into and Latin persona means person, behaving like other person.

 
Not easily pleased by anything

Ans:- Fastidious
Mind Trick:-
Fastidious looks like two words Fast + Tedious. Fast means completely and Tedious means boring. So someone, who is completely boring, is not easily pleased by anything.


 
To die without having made a will

Ans:- Intestate
Mind Trick:-
Word Intestate origins from two words i.e in + testatus. In means not and Testatus means testified or witness. Not testified is Intestate.

 
One who enjoys inflicting pain on himself / The enjoyment of something that most people would find unpleasant or painful

Ans:- Masochist
Mind Trick:-
..................

 
Murder of a brother or sister

Ans:- Fratricide
Mind Trick:-
Fratricide from two Latin words i.e. Frater meaning brother and cide means to kill.

 
A study of sounds is known as 

Ans:- Phonetics
Mind Trick:-
Phone means producing sounds.


To reduce to nothing / To state officially that something is no longer legally valid

Ans:- Annul
Mind Trick:-
Annul from ad + Null, Ad means to and Null means Zero. Towards the Zero. 

 
An obviously true or hackneyed statement

Ans:- Truism
Mind Trick:-
Truism comes from word True.

 
Words inscribed on a tom 

Ans:- Epitaph
Mind Trick:-
Epitaph comes from Greek word epi- "upon" and taphos "tomb".  

 
The act of producing beautiful hand-writing using a brush or a special 

Ans:- Calligraphy
Mind Trick:-
Calligraphy from Greek word Kallos meaning beauty and graphein means write.

 
A word composed of the first letters of words in a phrase 

Ans:- Acronym
Mind Trick:-
Word Acronym comes acro means “tip(tip means The highest or extreme point of something) and nym means “name”. AIDS is an acronym for 'acquired  immune deficiency syndrome'.

 
A person of obscure position who has gained wealth

Ans:- Parvenu
Mind Trick:-
Divide the word Parvenu into Parwaz and Venugopal.  Parwaz and Venugopal reddy have suddenly risen to a higher economic status but have not gained social acceptance of others in that class.


Science of human mind and behaviour

Ans:- Psychology
Mind Trick:-
Psycho refers to mental and logy for study.

 
A set of three related works by the same author (books, films etc..)

Ans:- Trilogy
Mind Trick:-
Tri means three.


The study or practice of dancing or composing ballets

Ans:- Choreography

 
Having juicy or fleshy and thick tissues

Ans:- Succulent
Mind Trick:-
Word Succulent sounds like Suck. Suck the succulent  fruits or plant.

  
One who thinks or speaks too much of himself

Ans:- Egotist
Mind Trick:-
Egotist origins from word Ego.

 
A exact copy of handwriting or a picture produced by a machine

Ans:- Facsimile
Mind Trick:-
Word Facsimile looks like Face and Similar. Face similar is facsimile.

 
A place where birds are kept

Ans:- Aviary 
Mind Trick:-
Aviary comes from Latin Avis meaning Bird.   


That which has a double meaning 

Ans:- Ambiguous
Mind Trick:-
Ambiguous from Latin word ambi meaning both ways and agere meaning to drive + adjective suffix ous.

 
Incapable of making errors

Ans:- Infallible
Mind Trick:-
Infallible from Latin In means not + fallere means deceive.


Governed by a sense of duty

Ans:- Conscientious
Mind Trick:-
Conscientious origins from Latin word Con + Scir. Con means with and scire means know/sense.


The depository where state records and documents are preserved

Ans:- Archive  [ahr-kahyv]



That is not longer fashionable or in use

Ans:- Obsolete
Mind Trick:-
Obsolete sounds liks Oppsss! So late. Oppsss! So late, this is out of fashion now.


Murder of a king

Ans:- Regicide
Mind Trick:-
Regicide from Latin word Reg - King + Cide - to kill.



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Words For SSC exams- 6

GARRULOUS      TINSEL        LABYRINTH      CORDIAL          INSTINCTIVE                   VENIAL         PARSIMONY           TRIBULATION       LUNACY          OBTUSE


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
GARRULOUS  (Adj.)  [gar-uh-luhs]
Meaning:-
  • talking a lot, especially about unimportant things

Noun:- Garrulity, Garrulousness
Adverb:- Garrulously
Mind Tricks:-
Garrulous sounds like Girls. Girls talk a lot.
Garrulous sounds like Gorilla. Gorilla talks to each others without any sense.




TINSEL (N/V)  [tin-suhl]
Meaning:-

  • strips of shiny material like metal, used as decorations
  • impart a cheap brightness to
Adjective:- Tinselly, Tinseled
Mind Tricks:-
Shiny things made up of tin (cheap metal) is called Tinsel.



LABYRINTH (N)  [lab-uh-rinth]
Meaning:-
  • a complicated series of paths, which it is difficult to find your way through
Adjective:- Labyrinthine, Labyrinthian
Mind Tricks:-

Labyrinth looks like Baby run in the.Baby runs in the crowd so it is difficult to find his way through. 
Baby runs in the Labyrinth.




CORDIAL (N/Adj.) [kawr-dee-uhl]
Meaning:-
  • pleasant and friendly
  • sweet fruit-flavoured soft drink
Noun:- Cordiality
Adverb:- cordially
Mind Tricks:-
Word Cordial sounds like Car Deal. In car deal, you have to be cordial or pleasant and friendly.



INSTINCTIVE (Adj.) [in-stingk-tiv]
Meaning:-
  • without thinking, unthinking
  • self-generated thinking (offering help to someone without thinking)
Noun:- Instinct, Instinctiveness
Adverb:- Instinctively

Mind Tricks:-
Instinctive looks like Instantaneous. Instantaneous thinking is Instinctive.




VENIAL  (Adj.) [vee-nee-uhl]
Meaning:-
  • (of a sin or mistake) not very serious and therefore able to be forgiven
Noun:- Veniality, Venialness
Adverb:- Venially
Mind Tricks:-
Venial and Trivial both words end in "ial". Trivial means not serious.




PARSIMONY    (N) [pahr-suh-moh-nee]
Meaning:-
  • unwilling to spend money
Adjective:- Parsimonious
Mind Tricks:-
Parsimony looks like Purse + Money. Purse without money is Parsimony.
Purse mein no money parsimony. (Hindi)



TRIBULATION (N)  [trib-yuh-ley-shuhn]
Meaning:-
  • great trouble or suffering
Verb:- Tribulate
Mind Tricks:-
Word Tribulation comes from a device Tribulum.
Tribulum is a heavy board to which sharp pieces of iron are affixed. It is used to threshing grain and cutting the straw . A lot of weight , pressure and hard work require to run a Tribulum. 

Word Tribulate looks like Tribute. We tribute those people who face great trouble and suffering.



LUNACY (N) [loo-nuh-see]
Meaning:-
  • behaviour that is stupid or crazy
  • madness
Adjective:- Lunatic
Mind Tricks:- 
Lunacy comes from Latin Luna meaning moon. People believed that the changes in the moon made people go mad temporarily. - Oxford.



OBTUSE (Adj.)  [uhb-tyoos]
Meaning:-
  • slow or unwilling to understand something
  • not sharp

Noun:- Obtuseness, Obtusity
Adverb:- Obtusely
Mind Tricks:-
Obtuse angle is an angle between 90* and 180*.


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Confused & Misused Words - Haven vs Heaven

Haven Vs Heaven
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
   
Haven (N) 
Meaning:-
  • a place that provides safety from danger
  • a place that is sage and peaceful where people or animals are protected                                                                                                                                    
Heaven (N)
Meaning:-
  • home of God
  • a place of great happiness
                                                                                                                                 
Confusion
In word Haven, there is "a" after H.
In word Heaven, there is "e" after H.

 How to Memorise :-
Word Heaven contains the letter "e", e stands for word "eternal" meaning existing or continuing forever, which relates with God. So word Heaven with the letter e means The Home of God.

One word Substitutions -2

 One who is unaffected or indifferent of joy, pain, pleasure or grief A person who is greatly respected because of wisdom An excessively morbid desire to steal Prohibited by law or treaty from being imported or exported Intentional destruction of racial groups A person in a vehicle or on horseback escorting another vehicle A person specially interested in the study of coins and medals An apartment building in which each apartment is owed separately by the people living in it, but also containing shared areas |A group of three powerful people Operation of the body after death |Not Allowing the passage of light Science regarding principles of classification
A political leader appealing popular desires and prejudices Enclosed in a small closed space 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
     
One who is unaffected or indifferent of joy, pain, pleasure or grief

Ans:- Stoic
Mind Trick:-
Word Stoic looks like Stone. One who is Stone like solid is known as Stoic.

   
A person who is greatly respected because of wisdom

Ans:- Venerable
Mind Trick:-
Word Venerable sounds like Honorable. Someone is Honorable due to his/her being Venerable.


An excessively morbid desire to steal

Ans:- Kleptomania
Mind Trick:-
Word Kleptomania comes from the Greek word Kleptes and Mania. Kleptes means "thief" and mania means "madness".

   
Prohibited by law or treaty from being imported or exported

Ans:- Contraband
Mind Trick:-
Word Contraband comes from Contra and Bando. Contra means against and bando means ban. Goods in an economy that are against a ban- Contraband.

 
Intentional destruction of racial groups 

Ans:- Genocide
Mind Trick:-
Genocide from Greek genos and cide. Genos means a whole race or group of people and cide means the act of killing. More examples- Suicide, Insecticide, Regicide , etc.


A person in a vehicle or on horseback escorting another vehicle  

Ans:- Outrider
Mind Trick:-



     
A person specially interested in the study of coins and medals 

Ans:- Numismatist
Mind Trick:-
The word Numismatist comes from the Latin word numisma meaning currency or coin plus suffix "ist" for being specialist.


   
An apartment building in which each apartment is owed separately by the people living in it, but also containing shared areas  

Ans:- Condominium
Mind Trick:-
The word Condominium comes from Latin con - 'together, with' + dominium meaning right of ownership.



A group of three powerful people 

Ans:- Triumvirate
Mind Trick:-
Triumvirate comes from Tri meaning Three and Viri meaning royal man in the authority (powerful person).


   
Operation of the body after death   

Ans:- Post-mortem
Mind Trick:-
Post means after.

   
Not Allowing the passage of light

Ans:- Opaque



   
Science regarding principles of classification 

Ans:- Taxonomy
Mind Trick:-
Word Taxonomy looks like Tax + Economy. Subject Taxonomy teaches us about the Classification of Tax on Economy.


   
A political leader appealing popular desires and prejudices / A political leader who tries to win support by using arguments based on emotion rather than reason.

Ans:- Demagogue
Mind Trick:-
Demagogue from Greek words demos meaning the people and agogs meaning leading.



Enclosed in a small closed space  

Ans:- Claustrophobia
Mind Trick:-
Phobia means to fear and Claustro looks like Close. Claustrophobia is a fear of being closed.



Phrases For SSC Exams -9

Fall through | Has/Have too many irons in the fire |Let the cat out of the bag| Read between the lines| Throw down the glove or gauntlet |To/until the bitter end  |To catch up with |The man in the street |Put one's food down| Storm in a teacup


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Fall through 
Meaning:-
  • failed
Mind Tricks:-
Fall means to decrease, down etc.
Usages:-
  1. Movement has fallen through. 

                                                                                             
Has/Have too many irons in the fire
Meaning:-
  • is engaged in too many enterprises at the same time
  • have many activities under way at one time
Mind Tricks:-
This phrase comes from blacksmith.
Who has to manage many irons in his forge. He has to be ready to with his hammer to hit the irons to its best shape that comes from the forge.
Usages:-
  1. They had too many irons in the fire and missed some important parties.

                                                                                             
Let the cat out of the bag
Meaning:-
  • told her about it unintentionally
  • to tell people secret information 
  • to tell a secret carelessly or by mistake
Mind Tricks:-
Here the cat resembles secret information and bag for a person from which secret reveals. 
Usages:-
  1. I wanted it to be a surprise, but my sister let the cat out of the bag.

                                                                                                                                             
Read between the lines
Meaning:-
  • find more or hidden meaning than the words appear to express
  • to try to understand someone's real feelings or intentions 
Usages:-
  1. You will understand her, if you read between the lines.
  2. Don't believe every thing you read literally, learn to read between the lines.

                
Throw down the glove or gauntlet / Take one's gloves off
Meaning:-
  • gave a challenge
  • to invite someone to argue, fight, or compete with you
Mind Tricks:-
This phrase comes from the boxers side. As if boxers were to remove their gloves in order to impose more damage.
Usages:-
  1. Throwing down the glove/gauntlet, he is ready to argue.

                                             
To/Until the bitter end
Meaning:-
  • carried on a contest regardless of the consequences
  • continuing until you have done every thing you can, or until something is completely finished, despite difficulties and problems.
Mind Tricks:-
Bitter means very serous and unpleasant.  
Usages:-
  1. They were prepared to fight to the bitter end for their rights.

                                                                                              
To catch up with 
Meaning:-
  • to compete with
Mind Tricks:-
Catch up means the act of trying to reach the same level or standard as somebody who is ahead of you.
Usages:-
  1. India wants to catch up with China.

     
The man in the street 
Meaning:-
  • the homeless man
Mind Tricks:-
A man without home must be in the street.
Usages:-
  1. Beggars are men in the street.

                        
 Put one's foot down
Meaning:-
  • asserted his authority
  • to tell someone in a strong way that they must do something or that they must stop doing something
Mind Tricks:-

Usages:-
  1. The boss put her foot down and refused to accept any more changes to the plan.

                                                                    
Storm/Tempest in a teacup
Meaning:-
  • commotion over a trivial matter
  • a lot of anger or worry about something that is not important
  • a situation where people get very angry or worried about something that is not important 
Mind Tricks:-
 Teacup resembles small, little and trifle things.
Now think about the storm in a teacup and the storm in sea, which one would bring more damage.We should worry about the storm in a sea.
Usages:-
  1. Why are you taking so much tension, it is just a storm in a teacup
  2. You all are going in a storm in a teacup.

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One word Substitutions For SSC Exams -1

A general excuse granted by Government to political offenders One who hates women  | One who can't be corrected| A school boy who cuts classes frequently|  Detailed plan of a journey| Stealing of Ideas or writings of someone else.|


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
A general excuse granted by Government to political offenders 

Ans:- Pardon



       
One who hates marriage  

Ans:- Misogamist
Mind Trick:-

Word Misogamist comes from Greek miso-"hating" and gamos-"marriage".



                                                                                         
One who can't be corrected

Ans:- Incorrigible
Mind Trick:-
Incorrigible origins from in - not and Latin corrigere - to correct



                                                                                         
A school boy who cuts classes frequently 

Ans:- Truant
Mind Trick:-
Word Truant looks like True anti school.



                                                                                         
Detailed plan of a journey

Ans:- Itinerary
Mind Trick:-
Word Itinerary sounds like It in diary. Where is the detailed plan of the journey(Itinerary) ? - It's in diary.



                                                                                         
Stealing of Ideas or writings of someone else 

Ans:- Plagiarism



                                                                                         
A person who consumes/eats human flesh

Ans:- Cannibal



                                                                                         
The production of raw silk 

Ans:- Sericulture
Mind Trick:-
S for Silk and S for Sericulture. In word Sericulture there is an E not I after S.



                                                                                         
Politicians are notorious for doing undue favour to their relatives

Ans:-Nepotism
Mind Trick:-
Word Nepotism is for Nephew. Politicians who work for their nephew are called Nepotism.


                                                                                         
A person who helps even a stranger in difficulty

Ans:- Samaritan
Mind Trick:-
From the Bible story of a person from Samaria who helps an injured man that nobody else will help.



                                                                                         
A person who readily believes others 

Ans:- Credulous
Mind Trick:-
Credulous from Credit.

                                                                                         
Meaningless language with an exaggerated style intended to impress 

Ans:- Rhetoric (ret-er-ik)
Mind Trick:-
Rhetoric sounds like Hat-trick. A bowler says- "I would take hat-trick in every match."- This is a Rhetoric saying.



                                                                                         
The political leader had an evil reputation. He is not trusted.

Ans:- Dubious
Mind Trick:-
Word Dubious looks like Doubtful.
Dubious sounds like Dubey.  Dubey Jee is a very dubious leader.



                                                                           
The conference takes place once in three years

Ans:- Triennial
Mind Trick:-
Triennial from Latin word Tri meas three + annus/ennial means year.




 

Idioms and Phrases For Exams -8

Grey matter | Feather your nest | Bring the house down | In a tight corner/spot  | On the rack | To be on his last legs | Play second fiddle | Lie up | Once in a blue moon Cut off without a shilling/penny


                                                                                                                                                    
Grey/Gray matter 
Meaning:-
  • intelligence
  • power of thought
Mind Tricks:-


Grey is the colour of Brain. Here Grey matter refers to Brain.
Usages:-
  1. Use your grey matter.
  2. Poets use lots of grey matter.
                                                                                               
Feather your (own) nest 
Meaning:-
  • to provide for the future
  • to make a lot of something for yourself
  • to make yourself richer, especially by spending money on yourself that should be spent on something else
Mind Tricks:-
Here feather resembles comfort. 
Usages:-
  1. Officers are feathering his nest doing corruption.

                                                                                                                                                    
Bring the house down
Meaning:-
  • received great applause
  • to entertain people very successfully
  • to excite the audience 
Usages:-
  1. Joker brought  the house down with his comedy.
  2. You can't bring the house down so you should not join the comedy.
                                                                                                                   
In a tight corner / spot
Meaning:-
  • in a difficult situation
Mind Tricks:-
A tight corner refers to congested area where you find yourself uncomfortable or in a difficult situation.
Usages:-
  1. Team India is in a tight corner.
  2. How would you feel in a congested area.

                                                                                                                                                    
On the rack 
Meaning:-
  • having great anxiety
  • feeling extreme pressure, anxiety or pain
Mind Tricks:-
What is the rack ?
Ans. Rack is an instrument of torture, used in the past for punishing and hurting people.
Usages:-
  1. People are on the rack in meeting for the questions of tickets.
                                                                                                     
To be on his last legs 
Meaning:-
  • to be on the verge(border) failure
  • to be going to die soon
  • to be very tired
Mind Tricks:-
Our legs resemble power. Legs are  powerful parts of our body.
Usages:-
  1. My father is on his last legs.
  2. Most of the company in India are on his last legs.
 
                                                                                                                                                    
Play second fiddle
Meaning:-
  • busy over trifles
  • to be treated as less important than somebody or something
  • to have a less important position that somebody or something else
  • to be in a subordinate position to someone
Mind Tricks:-
Fiddle means to play music on the violin.                       In order to produce the harmony desired by the composer of an orchestral piece,  someone must be willing to play the violin of lower tone or second violin while another play the first violin. - History and origin.
Usages:-
  1. Labours work as playing second fiddle to the officers.
  2. I don't want to work any more, I am tired of playing second fiddle.
 
                                                                                                                                                    
 Lie up 
Meaning:-
  • to abstain from work
  • to stay in bed 
Mind Tricks:-
Lie means to be or put yourself in a flat or horizontal position.
Usages:-
  1. I am very tired today, I want to lie up.
  2. If Lie up when we want to rest.
 
                                                                                                                                                    
Once in a blue moon
Meaning:-
  • not frequent, seldom
  • very rarely
Mind Tricks:-
Blue moon is a natural phenomenon that occurs very rarely. A blue moon is an extra full moon that appears in a subdivision of a year. Moon appears in blue due to some atmospheric  condition. 
Usages:-
  1. Once in a blue moon , she appears
  2. One in a blue moon, I take a bath.
  3. Only one in a blue moon do we see the holy man.

                                                                                                                                                    
Cut off without a shilling/penny
Meaning:-
  • disinherited
  • to prevent somebody, especially your son or daughter, from receiving your money or property after your dearth
Mind Tricks:-
 Cut off means to separate yourself form others.
Shilling is a British old coin and Penny is a small British coin and unit of money.
Usages:-
  1. His parents cut him off, without a shilling/penny.