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Calender vs Calendar-- Learn with Mind Trick


                                 Calender vs Calendar                                                                                                                                                     
These two words look like a clone: they have almost same spelling , same pronunciation; One can't differentiate them in the first sight. But, vocabeasy has a trick that helps one differentiate them. 



Calender (N/V)
Meanings:
  • a machine that smooths paper or cloth by pressing it between plates or passing it through
  • press between rollers or plates so as to smooth and glaze into sheets (V)


Calendar (N)
Meaning:
  • a page or series of pages showing the days, weeks and months or a particular year, especially one that you hang on a wall


Mind Trick:
  • Scrutinizing the words: Calender and Calendar, you find letters "e" and "a" after "d" respectively, which can help differentiate them. 
  • In the word Calendar, we see letter a after d; As the word day has a after d, the same way, the word calendar also has a after d; this can help us learn that the word calendar that has a after d tells about dayand the word calender that has e after d tells about machine.





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Common errors in English usage for IBPS, SSC, UPSC, GRE, and other exams.

 Singular or Plural           what is causative verbs Conditional structure          Verbs after Neither...                         and many more errors.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                               
1. Unless aid arrives (A)/ within the next few weeks (B)/ thousands are starving.(C) / No error (D)

Answer: (C), use will starve in place of are starving.

Rule:
This is the first conditional sentence; first conditional always indicates future: something possible in the future. Here, the sentence indicates about future. Hence future tense is used rather than present tense in the main clause.
 There are mainly four conditional sentence in English Grammar:
1. Zero conditional : It is open and possible at any time. Use present tense in both of the clause: if and main.
2. First Conditional : It indicates about future. Use present tense in If clause and future tense in main clause.
3. Second conditional: It is hypothetical and not possible in the present. For instance,  If I were..., I would...
4. Third conditional : Impossible in the past. For example, If I had..., I would/could/should/might have...

2. I have been (A)/ working in this organization (B)/ since three years. (C) / No error (D)

Answer: (C), use for in place of since

Rule:
For period or length of time, for is used,  whereas for point of time since is used. Here, three years is a period of time; therefore for is right here.


3. Neither of the two (A)/ candidates have (B)/ paid his subscription. (C) / No error (D)

Answer: (B), use has in place of have

Rule:
Neither means not either means not any one of two, it indicates a singular subject; this is why, singular verbs are always used with it.
When None, neither, either and any are followed by of + plural noun/ pronoun, they are normally used with singular verbs. - Oxford.


4. My uncle forced (A)/my friend and I (B)/ to stay back. (C) / No error (D)

Answer: (B), use me in place of I

Rule:
Forced in a transitive verb, and transitive verbs demand object, so an objective case is needed here. Pronoun I, however, is in subjective case, we must change "I" into "me" as the verb requiring objective case.


5. We had scarcely (A)/ reached the place (B)/ than it stared to rain heavily. (C) / No error (D)

Answer: (C), use when in place of than

Rule:
Scarcely is not comparative hence than is not suitable here. We should use when here. Than is only used with comparative like: No sooner... than.
We should not use than with hardly or scarcely. When or before is used with hardly or scarcely .



6. I am really disappointed (A)/ in not having saw my friends (B)/ while I was in New Delhi on vacation this summer. (C) / No error (D)

Answer: (B), use seen in place of saw

Rule:
Having + V3 is always used in the prefect participle.

7. The company have (A)/ thousands of customers (B)/ happy with its service. (C) / No error (D)

Answer: (A), use has in place of have

Rule:
Company is a singular noun, and has is used with singular instead of have.

8. They are residing (A)/ in this city (B)/ for the last two decades. (C) / No error (D)

Answer: (A), use have been in place of are

Rule:
Use the present perfect continuous to talk about an ongoing state or action which began in the past and is still continuing or has just finished.
 Use the present continuous tense for the present continuous action which is happening now.

9. The cruel lady made (A)/ her step daughter to do (B)/ all the household chores. (C) / No error (D)

Answer: (B), use only do  in place of to do

Rule:
Make (= force) , See, Make, and Help are known as causative verbs. In active sense, it is followed by object + infinitive without to (verb without to). In passive structures, however, to is used before verbs.

For instance:
Active: The cruel lady made her step daughter do all the household chores. 
Passive:The step daughter was made to do all the household chores. 

10. The US (A)/ don't want (B)/ India in the Security Council.(C) / No error (D)

Answer: (B), use doesn't in place of don't

Rule:
The US is singular noun not plural.



RECOMMENDED BOOK: The best book for common errors in the English Grammar.

                                                  

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Please let us know any errors you find in this post.

Elicit or Illicit ? Learn with Mind trick

                                                    Elicit Vs Illicit                                                                
Owing to its similarity, many often get confused about the meanings. Many questions have been asked in different exams on these words. Which is why we place these words here with mind tricks that will make sustain the true meaning of these words.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 


Elicit (V)
Meaning:
  • to get information or a reaction from somebody, often with difficulty
  • Deduce emotions, feelings, responses
Usages:
  1. Her face elicit her pain.
  2. I can elicit the message from this code.

Illicit (Adj.)
Meaning:
  • illegal, not allowed by the law
Usages:
  1. Illicit work
  2. These are illicit drugs.

Mind Tricks:
Elicit means to get information from somebody as the word elicit comes from "e ", which is ex, means "out" + "licit", which is lacere, means "deceive". So, with the help of "e", we can know that elicit means to bring out some piece of information by deceiving.
Illicit means illegal. With the help of Ill in both of the words, we can recognize that illicit means illegal.




a while or awhile ?

                                     a while vs awhile
A while and awhile flummox many of us: whether we are using it right or wrong, whether a while or awhile is used after preposition
Now we have a trick that will max your confidence.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          


a while
It is a noun phrase; it can also function as an adverb.
As we already know, while indicates time. Consequently, a while means an hour, a short time, a long time.

Usages:
  1. They studied for a while.(for an hour )
  2. I will be back in a little while. (in a short time)

awhile (Adv.)
It is an adverb not a noun.
It means "for a short time"

Usages:
  1. You can stay awhile.
  2. I can read awhile.

                       Precaution

One should use a while not awhile after prepositions, because after prepositions a noun or pronoun is used as object. Here a while is a noun phrase. An adverb cannot be used after preposition; awhile is an adverb.
We can write "They studied for a while, but not They studied for awhile". Without preposition, one can write either of them: "They studied a while or They studied awhile."



Mind Trick
Adverb and Awhile both words have an A at the head. With the help of this "A", one can conclude that Awhile is an Adverb not noun. And an adverb can't be used after prepositions.
As we know that awhile means for a short time, its meaning shows that it has already a preposition, for, which is why we don't use preposition when we use awhile in a sentence.
  



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Maybe or May be, all right or alright and some more misused-confused words

Everyone vs Every one           Everyday vs Every day               Maybe vs May be           All right vs Alright          Someplace vs Some place       Altogether vs All together     Sometime vs Some time             Anyway vs Any way                   Alot vs A lot
                                                                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
Everyone vs Every one
Everyone(Pronoun) means every person, all people.
Usage: Everyone can use pencil.

Every one means any single one: it may be a person or a thing.
Usage: Children have eaten every one of chocolates.

Anyone vs Any one 
 same as 
Everyone vs Every one




Everyday vs Every day
Everyday(Adj.) means ordinary, common, happening every day or regularly
Usage: We should not use everyday words in our writing assignments.

Every day means occurring day, day after day.  
Usage: We go to the temple every day.


Maybe vs May be
Maybe(Adverb) means perhaps; used when you are not certain. We can write maybe in place of perhaps.
Usage: Maybe he will not fine.

May be is a modal verb used to say that something is possible.
Usage: He may be at school


All right vs Alright
All right(Adj./Adv.) means Ok, acceptable, safe and well, only just good enough.
Usages: I hope the children are all right.
             Your writing is all right, but it can be better.

Alright is just informal form of all right and one should not use it in one's writing.


Someplace vs Some place
Someplace(Adv/N) means an unspecified place, somewhere.
Usage: We need to find someplace to live.

Some place means a physical space. Some as determiner used with uncountable nouns or plural countable nouns.
Usage: There is some place left between the two buildings.



Altogether vs All together
Altogether(adv./N) means entirely, in every way, completely, considering everything.
Usages: You haven't altogether finished your homework.
             Altogether, he decided to join navy. (Here, Altogether means considering everything)

All together means as one, everybody or everything together.
Usages: All together we shall go to cinema.


Sometime vs Some time
Sometime(Adv.) means at a certain point in time, at a time that you do not know exactly; It also refers to an indefinite time in the future.
Usage: I saw him sometime last summer.
            Sometime I shall be a doctor.

Some time means a period of time, quite a long time.
Usage: They will take some time to build your house.
More about Sometime:Sometime as an adverb can also be written as Sometimes.Sometime as an adjective is used to refer to what somebody used to be.


Anyway vs Any way
Anyway(Adv.) means in despite something, used when adding something to support an idea or argument.
Usage: It is too expensive and anyway the color doesn't suit you.

Any way means a way, some sort of way, by any method.
Usage: Can you help me in any way.

Alot vs A lot
Alot : This word doesn't exist.

A lot means a large number or amount.
Usage: A lot of people are gathering here.

Double-barrelled words- 4

gender-bender     fuddy duddy         nitty gritty          pell-mell          roly-poly          goody-goody shilly-shally          loosy-goosy            ding-dong        yin-yang        hogen-mogen      mumbo-jumbo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

gender-bender (N)
Meanings:
  • a person who dresses in the clothes of the other sex
  • a person who dresses and behaves like the opposite sex
Usages:
  1. Many gender-benders came in the party.

fuddy-duddy (N)
Meaning:
  • a person who is very old-fashioned and pompous
Usages:
  1. He talks like old fuddy-duddy.


nitty-gritty (N)
Meaning:
  • the most important aspects or practical details of a subject or situation
  • the most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
Usages:
  1. Tables are the nitty-gritty of Maths.
  2. Grammar is the nitty-gritty of English.


pell-mell (Adv./Adj./N)
Meanings:
  • in a confused, rushed, or disorderly manner (Adv.)
  • hasty or disorganized (Adj.)
  • a disorderly situation or collection of things (N)
Usages:
  1. The children rushed pell-mell down the stairs.


goody-goody (N/Adj.)
Meanings:
  • self righteous
  • a person who behaves extremely well in order to please a superior
Usages:
  1. If you want promotion, you must be goody-goody for the seniors.


ding-dong (N)
Meanings:
  • used to represent the sound made by a bell
  • an argument or fight
  • heartily or earnestly
Usages:
  1. They fell to work ding-dong.
  2. They were having a real ding-dong on the doorstep.
  3. I rang the bell ding-dong and then entered the house.


loosy-goosy (Adj.)
Meanings:
  • relaxed and comfortable
Usages:
  1. After eating some fruits, I feel loosy-goosy.


mumbo-jumbo (N)
Meanings:
  • language or ritual causing confusion
Usages:
  1. In a festival, we do many mumbo-jumbo.


roly-poly (Adj./N)
Meanings:
  • short, round and fat
  • a hot sweet make from suet pastry spread with jam and rolled up
Usages:
  1. My little brother is very roly-poly.
  2. And he likes to eat roly-poly.


hogen-mogen (N/Adj.)
Meanings:
  • a person having high power
  • powerful; grand
Usages:
  1. Don't show me your hogen-mogen status.
  2. I am going to a hogen-mogen party


shilly-shally (V/N)
Meanings:
  • fail to act resolutely or firmly
  • to take a long time to do something, especially to make a decision
  • not firm behaviour
Usages:
  1. Stop shilly-shallying and make up your mind.
  2. Our govenment is shilly-shallying about the suicide of the student.


yin-yang (N)
Meaning:
  • two complementary opposites
Usages:
  1. Boys and girls are yin-yang.
  2. Husband and wife is the best example of yin-yang.
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First E-book from Vocabeasy

For the comfort of our readers and for the revision of important words posted on our facebook page, we present you our first book free of cost. This eBook is just compilation of some important words that were posted on our facebook page-vocabeasy. Now, a user can easily review important words. 
It has about 120 words, and the size of eBook is about 10Mb. 
E-book has no visual words, which are recently being posted on our facebook page. The eBook of visual words will be live after some days.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Size - 10Mb
Price- free
Page- One word per page, about 132



Download Here 

Some of the pages are below:















Homonyms: Words of more than one meaning -17

China         Stout             Collected                Swear                    Boring                            Dog                         Battery                          Flag                           Hard-wired                         Ragamuffin

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   


China (N)

Meanings-
Known
  • a country in eastern Asia
Hidden:
white clay which is baked and used for making delicate cups, plates, etc
cups, plates, etc. that are made of china



Stout  (N/Adj.)

Meanings-
Known
  • (of a person) rather fat
  • strong and thick (of a thing)
  • (of a person) brave and determined
Hidden:
Strong dark beer made with malt or barley



Collected     (Past participle/Adj.)

Meanings-
Known
  • past participle of verb-collect
Hidden:
very calm and in control of yourself


Swear    (V)

Meanings-
Known
  • to make a serious promise to do something
  • to make a public or official promise, especially in court
Hidden:
to use rude or offensive language, usually because you are angry


Boring  (N/Adj.)

Meanings-
Known
  • Not interesting; making you feel tired
Hidden:
The act of drilling





Dog  (N/V)

Meanings-
Known
  • an animal
Hidden:
to cause you trouble for a long time.  Usage: Her career was dogged by misfortune.
to follow somebody closely




Battery (N)

Meanings-
Known
  • a device that produces electricity 
Hidden:-
a large number of things or people of the same type
the crime of attacking somebody physically


Flag  (N/V)

Meanings-
Known
  • a piece of cloth with a special coloured design on it that may be the symbol of a particular country or organization
  • to put a special mark next to information that you think is important
Hidden:-
to become tired, weaker or less enthusiastic


 Hard-wired  (Adj.)

Meanings-
Known
  • built into the permanent system and not provided by software
Hidden:
a skill, quality or type of behaviour present when you are born and not changing during your life


Ragamuffin  (N)

Meanings-
Known
  • a child who is wearing old clothes that are torn and dirty
Hidden:
a person who likes or performs ragga music


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